Wednesday, 1 February 2017

The effect of siblings on children's social skills and perspective taking

Samantha Sang (Department of Family and Human Development, Arizona State University)
Jackie Nelson (School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas)

Paper Highlights:-

  • Researchers examined how sibling characteristics influenced social competence based on child's gender.
  • Hierarchical regression analyses suggested girls without a sibling had greater perspective taking than girls with brothers, boys with brothers seemed to somewhat benefit in perspective taking and increases in social skills over one year were observed among children with a younger sister.
  • Findings suggest the influence of siblings are more complex than simply having a sibling or not.

Keywords: gender; perspective taking; sibling relationships; social competence

Age-related differences in the relation between the home numeracy environment and numeracy skills

Rebecca J. Thompson (Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Purdue University),
Amy R. Napoli (Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Purdue University),
David J. Purpura (Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Purdue University),

Paper Highlights

  • The relation between specific home numeracy environment practices and children's numeracy skills were compared across preschool aged children (3 and 4 years old). 
  • Complex home numeracy environment practices were related to numeracy skills of older children, but basic home numeracy environment practices were only related to numeracy skills with younger children until controlling for parental education.
  •  More targeted measurement of the home numeracy environment may be needed in order to fully assess its impact on the development of mathematics cognition.
Keywords: mathematics development; numeracy; preschool; home numeracy environment

Link to article